An overview of events critical for success of civil rights movement

Civil rights movement essay outline

The focus on voting rights in Selma, Alabama, led to further attacks on civil rights activists in On November 14, the Supreme Court ruled segregated seating was unconstitutional. Niven, David. They often required them to take voter literacy tests that were confusing, misleading and nearly impossible to pass. Movement is defined in part as "a series of organized activities working toward an objective; also: an organized effort to promote or attain an end" Merriam-Webster Online. In, the Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Lincoln officially ended slavery. The Civil War abolished slavery, but it did not end discrimination. It benefited blacks in other ways, too. The Freedom Riders escaped the burning bus, but were badly beaten. The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Many returned home determined to fight racism. Also of Interest.

He was a founder of the SCLC and was known for his nonviolent approach towards ending discrimination. On September 3,nine black students, known as the Little Rock Ninearrived at Central High School to begin classes but were instead met by the Arkansas National Guard on order of Governor Orval Faubus and a screaming, threatening mob.

The Voting Rights Act of suspended the use of voter qualification tests, creating a sharp increase in black voter registration.

civil rights movement summary

Benjamin Spock and Rev. Wanting to show a commitment to the civil rights movement and minimize racial tensions in the South, the Eisenhower administration pressured Congress to consider new civil rights legislation.

Supreme Court eventually agreed.

Civil rights movement events

But just weeks after the March on Washington, tragedy struck in Birmingham when a bomb exploded at the 16th Street Baptist Church during Sunday school classes. President Eisenhower sent federal troops to enforce the court order. Finally, President Dwight D. In June , a federal court ruled that the laws in place to keep buses segregated were unconstitutional, and the U. In , Plessy v. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, Niven, David. More than , people, black and white, congregated in Washington, D. Hoping to woo black votes in the election, Truman ordered the desegregation of the armed forces and called for federal laws to advance civil rights. As the protestors neared the Edmund Pettus Bridge, they were blocked by Alabama state and local police sent by Alabama governor George C.

Local people, they decided, must take direct action to change racial patterns in their communities. These outbreaks exposed the rage of blacks outside the South, but many Americans were appalled by them, blaming them on lawless radicals and revolutionaries.

The Montgomery bus boycott was one of the first major movements that initiated social change during the civil rights movement.

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Civil Rights Movement, The