Prevents social evils like drinking, gambling, prostitution etc by improving the material, social and cultural conditions of work.
But the degree of importance given by them varies. Its meaning and implications differ widely with times, regions, industries, countries, social values and customs, the general economic development of the people and the political ideologies prevailing at particular moments.
Purpose is to enrich the life of employees and keep them happy and contented.
According to Labour Investigation Committee. In the words of Prof. However, attempts have been made by expert bodies to define the concept in their own way.
A etc 12 Types Intramural activities — which are provided within the establishment Latrines and urinals Creches Rest centres Canteens Uniforms Library Medical aid subsidised food Shift allowances 13 Extramural activities — which are undertaken outside the establishment Family planning Child welfare Cooperative stores credit societies Vocational guidance Holiday homes Leave travel facilities Transport to and from the place of work 14 Categories Statutory welfare work comprising the legal provisions in various pieces of labour legislation Voluntary welfare work includes those activities which are undertaken by employers for their workers voluntarily.
Now days, welfare has been generally accepted by employers as a social right. It is confined to those activities which are undertaken statutorily or otherwise, inside the industrial premises or outside by any agency, government, employers which do not come under social insurance conditions, and which lead to improvement in health, efficiency and happiness of industrial workers and their families e.
Workers face lots of adjustments — congested environs, noisy machines, slum areas, monotonous jobs impact the psyche of ruralities — to overcome, extra inducement is required so that the worker begins to enjoy a fuller and richer life 8 The provisions of canteen- improves the physique Entertainment — reduces the incidence of unwanted need Medical aid, maternity and child welfare — improves health of the workers — reduces general, maternal and infant mortality Educational facilities increase — mental efficiency and economic productivity 9 Purpose Enables workers to have richer and more satisfying life Raises the standard of living of the workers by directly reducing the burden on their pocket.
Such facilities enable the worker and his family to lead a good working life, family life and social life.