The tyrannical government in greece during the seventh and sixth centuries bc
Main article: Ancient Greek art The kore known as the Dedication of Nikandre is probably the oldest to survive.
This practice allowed a social revolution to occur. Rapidly increasing population in the 8th and 7th centuries BC had resulted in emigration of many Greeks to form colonies in Magna Graecia Southern Italy and Sicily , Asia Minor and further afield. These reforms, attributed to Lycurgus of Sparta , were probably complete by BC. The early part of the archaic period saw distinctive orientalizing influences,  both in pottery and in sculpture. The turannoi are generally described as illegitimate leaders who seized power with the support of the lower classes, usurping the rule of the aristocrats. In fact such were the losses to all the great city-states at Mantinea that none could establish dominance in the aftermath. On male sculptures they were often posed with one foot in front, as if in motion. The emigration effectively ceased in the 6th century BC by which time the Greek world had, culturally and linguistically, become much larger than the area of present-day Greece. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet , modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. The Theban hegemony thus established was short-lived; at the Battle of Mantinea in BC, Thebes lost its key leader, Epaminondas, and much of its manpower, even though they were victorious in battle. Afterwards, Sparta and Athens promptly turned on each other, at which point Cleomenes I installed Isagoras as a pro-Spartan archon. How, precisely, laws came to be passed under the Constitution of Solon is not entirely clear, but there was an Assembly , in which every citizen could participate Aristot.
There was a great improvement in the living standards of the population. In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. However, this trend does not appear elsewhere in the Greek world.
Explain the term ?democracy? in the context of ancient greece.
Classical Greece Main article: Classical Greece Early Athenian coin, depicting the head of Athena on the obverse and her owl on the reverse—5th century BC In BC, the Ionian city states under Persian rule rebelled against the Persian-supported tyrants that ruled them. From BC onwards, the aristocracies had to fight not to be overthrown and replaced by populist tyrants. Eventually the moderate reforms of Solon BC , improving the lot of the poor but firmly entrenching the aristocracy in power, gave Athens some stability. It was the period in which monumental sculpture was introduced to Greece, and in which Greek pottery styles went through great changes , from the repeating patterns of the late geometric period to the earliest red-figure vases. Except on Crete, where there may have been a continuous tradition of cult statues from the Mycenaean period, these cult images were a new development in Greek religion — there is no evidence that Greek Dark Age cult on the mainland used cult images. Probably early 6th c. The turannoi are generally described as illegitimate leaders who seized power with the support of the lower classes, usurping the rule of the aristocrats. Poetry was the predominant form of literature in the period. A mercantile class arose in the first half of the 7th century BC, shown by the introduction of coinage in about BC. Their apparent irreverence towards dikaiosune was at odds with the political atmosphere of the Archaic and Classical Greek polis.
This practice allowed a social revolution to occur. Though most of the dedications from the 8th century were manufactured in the Peloponnese, dedications also came from Attica, and even as far afield as Italy and the eastern Mediterranean. Sparta was suspicious of the increasing Athenian power funded by the Delian League, and tensions rose when Sparta offered aid to reluctant members of the League to rebel against Athenian domination.
These tensions were exacerbated inwhen Athens sent a force to aid Sparta in overcoming a helot revolt, but their aid was rejected by the Spartans.
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