Why did the industrial revolution occur

Why did the industrial revolution occur

Samuel Horrocks patented a fairly successful loom in During this period of time, which historians refer to as the Age of Imperialism, large sections of the world came under European control, including: North America, South America, Africa, Indian, Australia, and China. In the book, he challenged the role of the government in economics. The turnips were used to feed the animals in the winter. As a result, this created a large workforce for use in industrial towns and cities. The tap cinder also tied up some phosphorus, but this was not understood at the time. The second reason is that European imperialism created a large markets for goods.

Under the putting-out system, home-based workers produced under contract to merchant sellers, who often supplied the raw materials. By using preheated combustion air, the amount of fuel to make a unit of pig iron was reduced at first by between one-third using coke or two-thirds using coal; [55] however, the efficiency gains continued as the technology improved.

This concern therefore spurred the urgency for colonization.

Industrial revolution in india

Aware of their head start, the British forbade the export of machinery, skilled workers, and manufacturing techniques. Model of the spinning jenny in a museum in Wuppertal. By Abraham Darby made progress using coke to fuel his blast furnaces at Coalbrookdale. For instance, Britain was the first to industrialize and had large supplies of coal present in the country. The midth century witnessed the spread of the Industrial Revolution into hitherto nonindustrialized areas such as China and India. And Japan too joined the Industrial Revolution with striking success. Although only 10 percent of Africa was under European control in , by it had increased to nearly 90 percent of the continent. Combined with these were developments in machines , tools , and computers that gave rise to the automatic factory. The puddling process produced a structural grade iron at a lower cost than the finery forge. In Britain by an estimated 10, horsepower was being supplied by steam. Spain, Portugal, Austria-Hungary, Italy and the Ottoman Empire started to industrialize very late in the 19th century.

Credit for popularising the term may be given to Arnold Toynbeewhose lectures gave a detailed account of the term. Most of the new factories were located in the countryside, where running water was available to turn the water mills that powered the early factories.

A small amount of bar iron was converted into steel. Just as steam engines needed coal, steam power allowed miners to go deeper and extract more of this relatively cheap energy source.

Savery's pump was economical in small horsepower ranges, but was prone to boiler explosions in larger sizes.

In the UK was makingtons of bar iron with coke and 6, tons with charcoal; imports were 38, tons and exports were 24, tons. Like its British progenitor, the Belgian Industrial Revolution centred in iron, coal, and textiles.

He created the cotton mill which brought the production processes together in a factory, and he developed the use of power—first horse power and then water power —which made cotton manufacture a mechanised industry.

industrial revolution in america

In cotton spun amounted to 5.

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Where Did the Industrial Revolution Take Place?